Medical Proffessionals - Who does what?
Local Doctor also known as a General Practitioner (GP) treats acute and chronic illnesses and provides preventive care and health education to patients. They generally practice a holistic approach that takes into consideration the biological, psychological and social environment in which patients live.
Their duties are not confined to specific organs of the body, and they have particular skills in treating people with multiple health issues. They are trained to treat patients of any age and sex with difference levels of complexity. GP’s will refer patients to a specialist when necessary.
See specialists below
Addiction Specialist- provides prevention, screening, intervention, and treatment for substance use and addiction.
Allergist or Immunologist - conducts the diagnosis and treatment of allergic conditions.
Anaesthesiologist - administers anesthesia and monitors the patient during surgery.
Cardiologist - treats heart conditions and disease.
Dermatologist -treats skin diseases, including some skin cancers.
Gastroenterologist - treats stomach and intestinal disorders.
Haematologist/Oncologist - treats diseases of the blood and blood-forming tissues (oncology includes cancer and other tumors)
Nephrologist - treats kidney diseases.
Neurologist – treats diseases and disorders of the nervous system.
Neurosurgeon - conducts surgery of the nervous system.
Obstetrician - treats women during pregnancy and childbirth.
Gynaecologist - treats diseases and conditions of the female reproductive system and genital tract.
Nurse-Midwifery - manages a woman’s health care, especially during pregnancy, delivery, and after the baby is born.
Occupational Medicine Physician - diagnoses and treats work-related disease or injury.
Ophthalmologist - treats eye defects, injuries, and diseases.
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon - surgically treats diseases, injuries, and defects of the hard and soft tissues of the face, mouth, and jaws.
Orthopaedic Surgeon - preserves and restores the function of the musculoskeletal system.
Otolaryngologist (Head and Neck Surgeon) – treats diseases of the ear, nose, and throat, and some diseases of the head and neck, including facial plastic surgery.
Pathologist - is a physician who studies body fluids and tissues, helps your primary care doctor make a diagnosis about your health.
Paediatrician - treats infants, toddlers, children and teenagers.
Plastic Surgeon - restores, reconstructs, corrects or improves in the shape and appearance of damaged body structures, especially the face.
Podiatrist - provides medical and surgical treatment of the foot.
Psychiatrist - treats patients with mental and emotional disorders.
Pulmonary Medicine Physician - diagnoses and treats lung disorders.
Radiation Oncologist - diagnoses and treats disorders with the use of diagnostic imaging, including X-rays, sound waves, radioactive substances, and magnetic fields.
Diagnostic Radiologist - diagnoses and medically treats diseases and disorders of internal structures of the body.
Rheumatologist - treats rheumatic diseases, or conditions characterised by inflammation, soreness and stiffness of muscles, and pain in joints and associated structures.
Urologist - diagnoses and treats the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive system.